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9/1/08Montreaux DocumentThe Montreux Document is an intergovernmental document intended to promote respect for international humanitarian law and human rights law whenever private military and security companies are present in armed conflicts. It is not legally binding, but contains a compilation of relevant international legal obligations and good practices. The Montreux Document was finalized by consensus on 17 September 2008 by 17 States with a growing number of participating State since then.  View publication International Committee of the Red Cross and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign AffairsInternational Agreement
11/1/10International Code of Conduct on Private SecurityThe International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers (the “Code”) was developed to set forth a commonly-agreed set of principles for Private Security Service Providers (PSCs) and to establish a foundation to translate those principles into related standards as well as governance and oversight mechanisms. The Code endorses the principles of the Montreux Document and the UN-developed “Respect, Protect, Remedy” framework as they apply to PSCs.  Swiss GovernmentInternational Agreement
5/1/14IOTC CIRCULAR 2014– 59This IOTC Circular documents the Federal Government of Somalia accepting the "Agreement for the Establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission," thereby becoming an IOTC member as of 22 May 2014. This document is in both English and French. Indian Ocean Tuna CommissionInternational Agreement
6/1/13Code of Conduct Concerning the Repression of Piracy, Armed Robbery against Ships, and Illicit Maritime Activity in West and Central AfricaAlso known as the 'Yaounde Code of Conduct' this document brings together signatory nations from West and Central Africa with an intention to cooperate to the fullest possible extent in the repression of transnational organized crime in the maritime domain, maritime terrorism, IUU fishing, and other illegal activities.  View publication Multiple AuthorsInternational Agreement
10/1/08UN Security Council Resolution 1838This resolution followed on from resolutions 1814 and 1816. Calls on states to suppress piracy and reaffirm UN Convention of Law of the Sea. Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the Security Council called upon States to take active part in the fight against Somali piracy and urged them to cooperate with the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia to do so. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
10/1/11UN Security Council Resolution 2015 Stresses the need for states to prosecute persons suspected of piracy and armed robbery at sea and notes that the failure to hold pirates accountable enables offensive acts. It requests that the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and regional authorities adopt a complete set of counter-piracy laws, including post-conviction transfer and imprisonment agreements. The resolution calls upon UNODC, UNDP, and Somali authorities to build prison capacity. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
12/1/08UN Security Council Resolution 1851The fifth resolution in 2008 regarding the situation in Somalia. Of particular note is the Security Council’s encouragement to establish an international cooperation mechanism to act as a common point of contact between and among states, regional and international organizations on all aspects of combating piracy and armed robbery at sea off Somalia, thus providing the legitimacy for the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) to be set up. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
12/2/08UN Security Council Resolution 1846The fourth resolution in 2008 concerning the situation in Somalia. It extended for 12 months the permission for States and regional organizations cooperating with the TFG in the fight against piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia to enter into the territorial waters of Somalia for the purpose of repressing acts of piracy and armed robbery at sea, and to use, in a manner consistent with international law, all necessary means to do so. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
11/1/11UN Security Council Resolution 2020This resolution follows previous resolutions concerning the situation in Somalia, especially resolutions 1814 (2008), 1816 (2008), 1838 (2008), 1844 (2008), 1846 (2008), 1851 (2008), 1897 (2009), 1918 (2010), 1950 (2010), 1976 (2011), and 2015 (2011), as well as the Statement of its President (S/PRST/2010/16) of 25 August 2010. It renews for another 12 months the Chapter 7 authorization, allowing states to use all appropriate force to fight against piracy and armed robbery off the coast of Somalia, including in Somali waters. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
5/1/09UN Security Council Resolution 1872This resolution calls reaffirms that the Djibouti Agreement represents the basis for a resolution of the conflict in Somalia, and calls on all Somali parties to support the Djibouti Agreement.  UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution

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