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9/1/09Congressional Research Service: Piracy off the Horn of Africa (2009) A report by the United States Congressional Research Service containing information about the background and impact of piracy off the Horn of Africa, U.S. and international policy responses, and issues and policy options for the U.S Congress. Congressional Research ServiceReport
7/1/09S/2009/373 - Report of the Secretary-General on the situation in SomaliaReport submitted pursuant to the statement of the President of the Security Council of 31 October 2001 (S/PRST/2001/30), in which the Council requested the Secretary General to submit quarterly reports on the situation in Somalia. It focuses on political developments and also includes a review of the security situation in Somalia, and activities undertaken to promote peace and security in Somalia.  UN Secretary GeneralUN Secretary-General Report
5/1/09UN Security Council Resolution 1872This resolution calls reaffirms that the Djibouti Agreement represents the basis for a resolution of the conflict in Somalia, and calls on all Somali parties to support the Djibouti Agreement.  UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
3/1/09S/2009/146 - Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to Security Council resolution 1846Submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 1846 (2008), which requested the UN Secretary-General to report on ways to ensure the long-term security of international navigation off the coast of Somalia, including the security of World Food Programme maritime deliveries to Somalia, and a possible coordination and leadership role for the UN to counter piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia. UN Secretary GeneralUN Secretary-General Report
2/1/09The Sunken Billions: The Economic Justification for Fisheries ReformA joint World Bank / Food and Agriculture Organization report estimates the loss of potential net economic benefit in the global fishery. It outlines six recommendations and argues that increased public awareness and understanding of the potential and actual flows of economic benefits can inform the political economy of reform and help leaders move toward socially responsible and sustainable fisheries underpinned by sound scientific advice. To view full report please click here.  Food and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsReport
12/2/08UN Security Council Resolution 1846The fourth resolution in 2008 concerning the situation in Somalia. It extended for 12 months the permission for States and regional organizations cooperating with the TFG in the fight against piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia to enter into the territorial waters of Somalia for the purpose of repressing acts of piracy and armed robbery at sea, and to use, in a manner consistent with international law, all necessary means to do so. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
12/1/08UN Security Council Resolution 1851The fifth resolution in 2008 regarding the situation in Somalia. Of particular note is the Security Council’s encouragement to establish an international cooperation mechanism to act as a common point of contact between and among states, regional and international organizations on all aspects of combating piracy and armed robbery at sea off Somalia, thus providing the legitimacy for the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia (CGPCS) to be set up. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
10/1/08UN Security Council Resolution 1838This resolution followed on from resolutions 1814 and 1816. Calls on states to suppress piracy and reaffirm UN Convention of Law of the Sea. Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the Security Council called upon States to take active part in the fight against Somali piracy and urged them to cooperate with the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia to do so. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
9/1/08Montreaux DocumentThe Montreux Document is an intergovernmental document intended to promote respect for international humanitarian law and human rights law whenever private military and security companies are present in armed conflicts. It is not legally binding, but contains a compilation of relevant international legal obligations and good practices. The Montreux Document was finalized by consensus on 17 September 2008 by 17 States with a growing number of participating State since then.  View publication International Committee of the Red Cross and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign AffairsInternational Agreement
8/8/08UN Security Council Resolution 1831Renews the authorization of Member States of the African Union to maintain a mission in Somalia (AMISOM) for a further period of six months.  UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution