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3/1/11Updating U.S. Counterpiracy Action Plan Gains Urgency as Piracy Escalates off the Horn of Africa In September 2010, GAO issued a report evaluating the extent to which U.S. agencies (1) have implemented the interagency ‘Countering Piracy off the Horn of Africa: Partnership and Action Plan’, and the challenges they face, and (2) have collaborated with partners. This testimony is based on the September 2010 report and its objectives, and work GAO conducted in March 2011 to update report findings. US Government Accountability OfficeReport
1/1/11Transnational Organized Crime in the Fishing IndustryThis study asks whether there is transnational organized crime and other criminal activity in the fishing industry and, if so, what the vulnerabilities of the fishing industry are to transnational organized crime or other criminal activity. It also analyzes the involvement of the fishing industry or the use of fishing vessels in a range of other crimes.  To view full report please click here.  UNODCReport
9/1/10Actions Needed to Assess and Update Plan and Enhance Collaboration among Partners Involved in Countering Piracy off the Horn of Africa In response to the rising number of successful attacks by Somali pirates, the U.S. National Security Council developed the interagency ‘Countering Piracy off the Horn of Africa: Partnership and Action Plan’ (Action Plan) in December 2008. This report is the U.S. Government Accountability Office’s evaluation of the extent to which U.S. agencies (1) have implemented the plan, and any challenges they face in doing so, and (2) have collaborated with partners in counterpiracy efforts.   US Government Accountability OfficeReport
1/1/02Stopping Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated FishingThis booklet describes important aspects of the International Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing and is intended to help readers with the tools for use in dealing with IUU fishing, to suggest which tools to use in particular circumstances, and to provide guidance on how to use these tools effectively. To view full report please click here. UN FAOWorking Paper
2/1/12The EU and Somalia: Counter-Piracy and the Question of a Comprehensive ApproachSince 2005, violent attacks on maritime traffic off the Somali coast have been steadily increasing. Somali pirates have managed to establish a unique business model: vessels of all kinds are being hijacked with their crews on board for the sole purpose of gaining ransom. During the last few years, they have been improving their capabilities and skills to such a degree that Jack Lang, the United Nations Secretary-General’s Special Adviser on Legal Issues related to Piracy off the Coast of Somalia, has confirmed an industrialization of the phenomenon. Taking into account the plight of the Somali people after more than two decades of internal conflict, the implications of prolonged insecurity and instability for the country and the region, as well as the impact of terrorist activities and organized piracy for its citizens and the European Union’s strategic and economic interests, the EU has tried to tackle the crisis from various angles by instigating what has been labeled a “comprehensive approach”. In this, political dialogue as well as humanitarian and development aid have been complemented not only by efforts to prop up the Somali security sector but also by the first naval operation ever established within the framework of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP: EU Naval Force (EUNAVFOR) Atalanta. To view full report please click here.  Hans-Georg Ehrhart, Kerstin PetrettoWorking Paper
10/1/11S/2011/662 - Report of the secretary-general pursuant to Security Council resolution 1950This report was submitted pursuant to paragraph 22 of Security Council resolution 1950 (2010) of 23 November 2010, in which the Security Council requested the Secretary-General to report on the implementation of that resolution and on the situation with respect to piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia. The report updates the assessment contained in the report of 27 October 2010 (S/2010/556).  UN Secretary GeneralUN Document
11/21/12UN Security Council Resolution 2077Renews its call on states and regional organizations to fight piracy and armed robbery at sea through the deployment of naval vessels, arms and military aircraft and through seizures and disposition of boats, vessels, and weapons used in the commission of those crimes. The Council requested that Somalia pass a complete set of counter-piracy laws and declare and EEZ. It also urged states to investigate new allegations of IUU fishing and illegal dumping.  UN Security CouncilUN Document
1/8/10Report of the Secretary-General on SomaliaThe present report is submitted pursuant to the statement by the President of the Security Council of 31 October 2001 (S/PRST/2001/30), in which the Council requested me to submit reports at least every four months on the situation in Somalia and the efforts to promote the peace process, as well as to operative paragraph 13 of Security Council resolution 1872 (2009), in which the Council requested me to take the steps identified in paragraphs 82 to 86 of my report of 16 April 2009 (S/2009/210) and to report on progress. The present combined report provides an update on major developments in Somalia since my reports of 20 July 2009 (S/2009/373) and 2 October 2009 (S/2009/503), and assesses the political, security, human rights and humanitarian situation, as well as progress made in implementing the three-phased incremental approach set out in my April 2009 report. It also covers the operational activities of the United Nations and the international community’s counter-piracy efforts further to my report of 13 November (S/2009/590). UN Secretary GeneralUN Document
2/1/13Transnational Organized Crime in West AfricaWest Africa has long been the focus of United Nations attention, but it is only recently that the international community recognized organized crime as a key issue for the region. This recognition stems primarily from a single contraband flow - cocaine - a flow so large that its wholesale value on arrival in Europe would exceed the national security budgets of many countries in West Africa. While the threat of cocaine is clear, there are many other forms of organized crime, such as maritime crime, that threaten the stability of the region. These threats are both a cause and a consequence of weak governance, a dynamic explored in the present report.  To view full report, please click here.  UNODCUN Document
1/31/13Report of the Secretary-General on SomaliaThe present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 29 of Security Council resolution 2010 (2011), in which the Council requested to report on all aspects of the resolution every four months. The report provides an update on major developments that occurred in Somalia on the three major tracks of the United Nations approach — (i) political; (ii) security; and (iii) humanitarian, recovery and development, and human rights — in the period from 16 August 2012 to 15 January 2013. In pursuance of the implementation of resolution 2067 (2012), it also provides options and recommendations for the future United Nations presence in Somalia.  UN Secretary GeneralUN Document

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