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1/1/11Pirates and Impunity: Is the Threat of Asylum a Reason to Allow Pirates to Escape Justice?This paper by Yvonne Dutton analyzes the argument that some Western nations did not prosecute suspects of Somali piracy due to fears that these individuals might seek asylum. Through an examination of international refugee law and international human rights law, Dr. Dutton concludes that there is little reason to believe that Western states would be required to grant refugee status to convicted pirates.  View publication Yvonne DuttonPaper
2/1/11The Piracy-Illegal Fishing Nexus in the Western Indian OceanThis paper by Jasmine Hughes explores the linkages between the rise of Somalia-based maritime piracy, and the overfishing of Somali waters by European and Asian fishing vessels and the alleged dumping of hazardous waste by Swiss and Italian firms following the collapse of the Somali state in 1991.  To view full report please click here.  Jasmine HughesBriefing Paper
3/1/11Updating U.S. Counterpiracy Action Plan Gains Urgency as Piracy Escalates off the Horn of Africa In September 2010, GAO issued a report evaluating the extent to which U.S. agencies (1) have implemented the interagency ‘Countering Piracy off the Horn of Africa: Partnership and Action Plan’, and the challenges they face, and (2) have collaborated with partners. This testimony is based on the September 2010 report and its objectives, and work GAO conducted in March 2011 to update report findings. US Government Accountability OfficeReport
4/1/11Piracy off the Horn of Africa (2011)The second report by the United States Congressional Research Service, following up on the first report published in 2009. It contains information about the background and impact of piracy off the Horn of Africa, U.S. and international policy responses, and issues and policy options for the U.S Congress. Congressional Research ServiceReport
4/1/11S/2011/277 - Report of the Secretary-General on SomaliaA report submitted to the Security Council to provide an update on major developments in Somalia since the Secretary-General’s report of 30 December 2010 (S/2010/675). It assesses the political, security, human rights and humanitarian situation as well as progress made in implementing the United Nations strategy for Somalia. The report also covers the operational activities of the United Nations and the international community, as well as developments in counter-piracy activities. UN Secretary GeneralUN Secretary-General Report
4/1/11UN Security Council Resolution 1976This resolution follows previous resolutions concerning the situation in Somalia, especially resolutions 1918 (2010) and 1950 (2010). In it the Security Council requests the Secretary-General to report within six months on the protection of Somali natural resources and waters, and on alleged illegal fishing and illegal dumping, including of toxic substances, off the coast of Somalia, taking into account the studies on this matter previously conducted by the United Nations Environmental Programme and other competent agencies. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
5/1/11UN General Assembly Resolution 65/37 This resolution contains updates and requests related to the first meeting of the Ad Hoc Working Group of the Whole on the Regular Process for Global Reporting and Assessment of the State of the Marine Environment, including Socio-economic Aspects (“the Regular Process”). UN General AssemblyResolution
6/1/11S/2011/360 - Report of the Secretary-General on the modalities for the establishment of specialized Somali anti-piracy courts This report elaborates on some of the suggestions presented in the report by the Special Adviser to the Secretary General on Legal Issues Related to Piracy off the Coast of Somalia, Mr. Jack Lang (annex to document S/2011/30).  In particular, it outlines the requirements (‘modalities’) for strengthening Somali capability to uphold rule of law, in particular concerning prosecuting and incarcerating suspected and convicted pirates. UN Secretary GeneralUN Secretary-General Report
7/1/11Somali Futures: An ExplorationThis report is based on a pilot survey carried out by King’s College, London’s Humanitarian Futures Programme to explore how Somalis see their future and that of future generations. Supported by the United Nations Development Programme ‐ Somali office, the overarching purpose of this initiative is to determine if there are any consistent themes that emerge from extensive engagement with a sample of Somali respondents that might prompt different forms of support to the Somali people.  To view full report please click here.  Humanitarian Future’s ProgrammeReport
8/1/11Best Management Practices for Protection against Somalia Based Piracy - Version 4 (BMP4) The fourth revision of the Best Management Practices for Protection against Somalia Based Piracy document, released in August 2011. It contains specific recommendations concerning how to protect vessels and crews from maritime piracy attacks through proper risk assessment and planning, reporting, vessel hardening measures, and what to do in case of a successful pirate attack. Multiple AuthorsGuidelines