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11/1/12Barrgh-gaining with PiratesThis paper concludes that ransom amount and negotiation length depend on the observable characteristics of both pirates and ships and on the “reference ransom” established by previous ransom payments for a specific ship type by using a dataset of 179 Somali hijackings, and an underlying theoretical model of the bargaining process to analyze the empirical determinants of ransom amounts and negotiation lengths. Olaf J. de Groot, Matthew D. Rablen, Anja ShortlandPaper
10/1/12Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to the Security Council resolution 2020 (2011)This report was submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2020 (2011). It provides an update on major developments regarding the implementation of that resolution and on the situation with respect to piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of Somalia since the previous report of 25 October 2011 (S/2011/662). The assessment and observations in the report are based on information provided by Member States and regional organizations.  UN Secretary GeneralUN Secretary-General Report
10/1/12UN Security Council Resolution 2072Authorizes member states of the African Union to maintain AMISOM deployment until 7 November 2012. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
9/1/12UN Security Council Resolution 2067Welcomes the political progress that has been made in Somalia; the selection of the new Federal Parliament, Speaker, and President, and urges the international community to continue to support the new institutions and cooperate with the new Somali government.   UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
8/1/12Without a Trace II: An Updated Summary of Traceability Efforts in the Seafood IndustryThis FishWise white paper aims to: 1) serve as a guide for seafood businesses seeking to improve the traceability of their supply chain and 2) improve the knowledge base and coordination of NGOs and other groups working on seafood traceability. It provides an overview of traceability in general, and includes more than seventy traceability case studies. View publication Mariah BoylePaper
8/1/12S/2012/643 - Report of the Secretary-General on SomaliaThis report provides an update on major developments that occurred in Somalia on the three major tracks of the UN approach — (a) political; (b) security; and (c) humanitarian, recovery and development, and human rights — between 1 May 2012 and 15 August 2012. The report also assesses the progress made in the implementation of the road map for ending the transition. UN Secretary GeneralUN Secretary-General Report
8/1/12Pirate Economics: The Economic Causes and Consequences of Contemporary Maritime Piracy in Sub-Saharan AfricaThis Master’s thesis seeks to identify the primary economic causes and consequences of maritime piracy in Somalia and Nigeria specifically, and coastal sub-Saharan Africa more generally. It investigates whether variables such as a lack of employment opportunities, particularly in the fisheries sector, are a causal factor of maritime piracy.  View publication Jamie CharlesboisThesis
8/1/12Barrgh-gaining with Somali PiratesRansoms paid to Somali pirates are drifting upward and negotiation times are increasing, yet there is huge variation in bargaining outcomes across ship-owners. We use a unique dataset of 179 Somali hijackings, and an underlying theoretical model of the bargaining process based on detailed interviews with ransom negotiators, to analyze the empirical determinants of ransom amounts and negotiation lengths. We find that ransom amount and negotiation length depend on the observable characteristics of both pirates and ships and on the “reference ransom” established by previous ransom payments for a specific ship type. International naval enforcement efforts have driven up ransom amounts. We also observe a “hump-shape” in ransoms, with relatively low ransoms being paid following both short and very long negotiations, and the highest ransoms paid following intermediate length negotiations.   Olaf J. de Groot, Matthew D. Rablen, Anja ShortlandWorking Paper
4/1/12UN General Assembly Resolution 66/231 - Oceans and the law of the sea This resolution follows previous annual resolutions on the law of the sea and on oceans and the law of the sea, including resolutions 65/37 A of 2010 and 65/37 B of 2011. It addresses issues related to the Law of the Sea.  UN General AssemblyUN General Assembly Resolution
2/1/12UN Security Council Resolution 2036Noting the presence of Al-Shabab, which has joined Al Qaeda, requests the African Union to increase AMISOM’s force strength to the maximum of 17,731 uniformed personnel. It also requests that AMISOM continues to provide capacity-building to Somali security forces and urges states to coordinate with AMISOM.   UN Security CouncilUN General Assembly Resolution

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