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3/1/13UN Security Council Resolution 2093Authorizes AMISOM to maintain deployment through February 2014. The resolution also states that UNPOS has completed its mandate and will therefore be dissolved. It announces the creation of a new special political mission in Somalia. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
4/1/13The Pirates of Somalia: Ending the Threat, Rebuilding a NationThis World Bank report shows that Somalia-based piracy has not only imposed a hidden tax on world trade generally, it has severely affected the economic activities of neighboring countries. It also evaluates the nexus between pirates and terrorist organizations and shows that it is in the international community's common interest to find a resolution to Somali piracy, and more generally to help the government of Somalia to rebuild the country. To view full report please click here.  World BankReport
5/1/13Fighting Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea: Offshore and OnshoreA brief issue paper focusing on the characteristics of maritime piracy in the Gulf of Guinea, how it impacts European interests, and providing suggestions to how this security challenge can be addressed. View publication Cristina Barrios, European Union Institute for Security StudiesBriefing Paper
5/1/13UN Security Council Resolution 2102Recognizes the work of UNPOS and announces the new special political office, UNSOM (United Nations Assistance Mission to Somalia).  UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
5/1/13Interim Guidance to UK Flagged Shipping on the Use of Armed Guards to Defend Against the Threat of Piracy in Exceptional Circumstances (Version 1.2)This guidance sets out, inter alia, the UK Government’s policy on the use of armed guards onboard UK ships; its view on the ISO PAS 28007; the importance of conducting a full risk assessment before taking a decision to use armed guards, and the factors that should be included in such a risk assessment; and an overview of the ECO (BIS) trade and export control requirements as per May 2013. UK Department of TransportGuidelines
6/1/13Code of Conduct Concerning the Repression of Piracy, Armed Robbery against Ships, and Illicit Maritime Activity in West and Central AfricaAlso known as the 'Yaounde Code of Conduct' this document brings together signatory nations from West and Central Africa with an intention to cooperate to the fullest possible extent in the repression of transnational organized crime in the maritime domain, maritime terrorism, IUU fishing, and other illegal activities.  View publication Multiple AuthorsInternational Agreement
7/1/13International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) Lessons Identified from Somali PiracyThis paper draws upon the international shipping industry's experience of Somali-based piracy during the period 2007 to 2013, with the intention of identifying lessons from the experience in order to shape future responses, wherever in the world they might be required.  View publication International Chamber of Shipping (ICS)Briefing Paper
9/1/13Somali Maritime Resource and Security StrategyThe Somali Maritime Resource and Security Strategy was created with the endorsement of the Somali Federal Government, Somaliland and the Somali regions, The SMRSS serves as a chapeau document that directs the future development of the Somali maritime sector. Six thematic annexes were created to act as a roadmap for the implementation of the Somali Resource and Security Strategy. Each area has corresponding implementation agencies acting in support of Somali authorities. Each annex identifies projects with priorities and funding requirements.  Multiple AuthorsStrategy
10/1/13S/2013/623 - Report of the Secretary-General on the situation with respect to piracy and armed robbery at sea off the coast of SomaliaThis report was submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2077 (2012), and provides an update on major developments on possible ways to advance international efforts to combat the problem of piracy and armed robbery at sea and associated hostage-taking off the coast of Somalia since 22 October 2012. The assessment and observations in the report are based on information provided by Member States and regional organizations. UN Secretary GeneralUN Secretary-General Report
11/1/13Pirate Trails Tracking the Illicit Financial Flows from Pirate Activities off the Horn of AfricaThis study was conducted through a collaborative effort of the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), and the World Bank. Its focus is on financial flows and how such flows can be monitored by relevant law enforcement agencies. It complements another study done exclusively by the World Bank (referenced in this study as the World Bank Report) that assesses the economic costs of piracy off the coast of Somalia. View publication World Bank, UNODC, and INTERPOLReport

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