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4/1/11S/2011/277 - Report of the Secretary-General on SomaliaA report submitted to the Security Council to provide an update on major developments in Somalia since the Secretary-General’s report of 30 December 2010 (S/2010/675). It assesses the political, security, human rights and humanitarian situation as well as progress made in implementing the United Nations strategy for Somalia. The report also covers the operational activities of the United Nations and the international community, as well as developments in counter-piracy activities. UN Secretary GeneralUN Secretary-General Report
4/1/11UN Security Council Resolution 1976This resolution follows previous resolutions concerning the situation in Somalia, especially resolutions 1918 (2010) and 1950 (2010). In it the Security Council requests the Secretary-General to report within six months on the protection of Somali natural resources and waters, and on alleged illegal fishing and illegal dumping, including of toxic substances, off the coast of Somalia, taking into account the studies on this matter previously conducted by the United Nations Environmental Programme and other competent agencies. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
4/1/11Piracy off the Horn of Africa (2011)The second report by the United States Congressional Research Service, following up on the first report published in 2009. It contains information about the background and impact of piracy off the Horn of Africa, U.S. and international policy responses, and issues and policy options for the U.S Congress. Congressional Research ServiceReport
3/1/11Updating U.S. Counterpiracy Action Plan Gains Urgency as Piracy Escalates off the Horn of Africa In September 2010, GAO issued a report evaluating the extent to which U.S. agencies (1) have implemented the interagency ‘Countering Piracy off the Horn of Africa: Partnership and Action Plan’, and the challenges they face, and (2) have collaborated with partners. This testimony is based on the September 2010 report and its objectives, and work GAO conducted in March 2011 to update report findings. US Government Accountability OfficeReport
2/1/11The Piracy-Illegal Fishing Nexus in the Western Indian OceanThis paper by Jasmine Hughes explores the linkages between the rise of Somalia-based maritime piracy, and the overfishing of Somali waters by European and Asian fishing vessels and the alleged dumping of hazardous waste by Swiss and Italian firms following the collapse of the Somali state in 1991.  To view full report please click here.  Jasmine HughesBriefing Paper
1/1/11S/2011/30 - Letter dated 24 January 2011 from the Secretary-General to the President of the Security CouncilAlso known as the 'Jack Lang Report', this report contains 25 proposals by the Special Adviser on legal issues related to piracy off the coast of Somalia, Mr. Jack Lang, regarding additional steps that can be taken to assist States in the Horn of Africa region, as well as other States, to prosecute and imprison persons who engage in piracy.  UN Secretary-General, Jack LangUN Secretary-General Report
1/1/11Conference on Global Challenge, Regional Responses: Forging a Common Approach to Maritime PiracySelected Briefing Papers from the April 2011 Counter-Piracy Conference in Dubai, including contributions by Roger Middleton, Rommel C. Banlaoi, J. Peter Pham, Rashid Abdi, Martin N. Murphy, Rudolph Atallah, Joseph Saba, Eric Frecon, Khaled Abdullah Al Bu-Ainnain, Giles Noakes, Pottengal Mukundun, Philip Holihead, Claude G. Berube, Carolin Liss, David Cockroft, Douglas Guilfoyle, and Eugene Kontorovich. Multiple Authors, Dubai School of GovernmentBriefing Paper
1/1/11Pirates and Impunity: Is the Threat of Asylum a Reason to Allow Pirates to Escape Justice?This paper by Yvonne Dutton analyzes the argument that some Western nations did not prosecute suspects of Somali piracy due to fears that these individuals might seek asylum. Through an examination of international refugee law and international human rights law, Dr. Dutton concludes that there is little reason to believe that Western states would be required to grant refugee status to convicted pirates.  View publication Yvonne DuttonPaper
1/1/11Transnational Organized Crime in the Fishing IndustryThis study asks whether there is transnational organized crime and other criminal activity in the fishing industry and, if so, what the vulnerabilities of the fishing industry are to transnational organized crime or other criminal activity. It also analyzes the involvement of the fishing industry or the use of fishing vessels in a range of other crimes.  To view full report please click here.  UNODCReport
11/1/10International Code of Conduct on Private SecurityThe International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers (the “Code”) was developed to set forth a commonly-agreed set of principles for Private Security Service Providers (PSCs) and to establish a foundation to translate those principles into related standards as well as governance and oversight mechanisms. The Code endorses the principles of the Montreux Document and the UN-developed “Respect, Protect, Remedy” framework as they apply to PSCs.  Swiss GovernmentInternational Agreement