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6/1/13Code of Conduct Concerning the Repression of Piracy, Armed Robbery against Ships, and Illicit Maritime Activity in West and Central AfricaAlso known as the 'Yaounde Code of Conduct' this document brings together signatory nations from West and Central Africa with an intention to cooperate to the fullest possible extent in the repression of transnational organized crime in the maritime domain, maritime terrorism, IUU fishing, and other illegal activities.  View publication Multiple AuthorsInternational Agreement
5/1/13Interim Guidance to UK Flagged Shipping on the Use of Armed Guards to Defend Against the Threat of Piracy in Exceptional Circumstances (Version 1.2)This guidance sets out, inter alia, the UK Government’s policy on the use of armed guards onboard UK ships; its view on the ISO PAS 28007; the importance of conducting a full risk assessment before taking a decision to use armed guards, and the factors that should be included in such a risk assessment; and an overview of the ECO (BIS) trade and export control requirements as per May 2013. UK Department of TransportGuidelines
5/1/13Fighting Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea: Offshore and OnshoreA brief issue paper focusing on the characteristics of maritime piracy in the Gulf of Guinea, how it impacts European interests, and providing suggestions to how this security challenge can be addressed. View publication Cristina Barrios, European Union Institute for Security StudiesBriefing Paper
5/1/13UN Security Council Resolution 2102Recognizes the work of UNPOS and announces the new special political office, UNSOM (United Nations Assistance Mission to Somalia).  UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
4/1/13The Pirates of Somalia: Ending the Threat, Rebuilding a NationThis World Bank report shows that Somalia-based piracy has not only imposed a hidden tax on world trade generally, it has severely affected the economic activities of neighboring countries. It also evaluates the nexus between pirates and terrorist organizations and shows that it is in the international community's common interest to find a resolution to Somali piracy, and more generally to help the government of Somalia to rebuild the country. To view full report please click here.  World BankReport
3/1/13UN Security Council Resolution 2093Authorizes AMISOM to maintain deployment through February 2014. The resolution also states that UNPOS has completed its mandate and will therefore be dissolved. It announces the creation of a new special political mission in Somalia. UN Security CouncilUN Security Council Resolution
2/1/13Transnational Organized Crime in West AfricaWest Africa has long been the focus of United Nations attention, but it is only recently that the international community recognized organized crime as a key issue for the region. This recognition stems primarily from a single contraband flow - cocaine - a flow so large that its wholesale value on arrival in Europe would exceed the national security budgets of many countries in West Africa. While the threat of cocaine is clear, there are many other forms of organized crime, such as maritime crime, that threaten the stability of the region. These threats are both a cause and a consequence of weak governance, a dynamic explored in the present report.  To view full report, please click here.  UNODCUN Document
1/31/13Report of the Secretary-General on SomaliaThe present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 29 of Security Council resolution 2010 (2011), in which the Council requested to report on all aspects of the resolution every four months. The report provides an update on major developments that occurred in Somalia on the three major tracks of the United Nations approach — (i) political; (ii) security; and (iii) humanitarian, recovery and development, and human rights — in the period from 16 August 2012 to 15 January 2013. In pursuance of the implementation of resolution 2067 (2012), it also provides options and recommendations for the future United Nations presence in Somalia.  UN Secretary GeneralUN Document
1/1/13S/2013/69 - Report of the Secretary-General on SomaliaThis report was submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2010 (2011) and provides an update on major developments that occurred in Somalia on the three major tracks of the United Nations approach — (i) political; (ii) security; and (iii) humanitarian, recovery and development, and human rights — between 16 August 2012 and 15 January 2013.  UN Secretary GeneralUN Secretary-General Report
11/21/12UN Security Council Resolution 2077Renews its call on states and regional organizations to fight piracy and armed robbery at sea through the deployment of naval vessels, arms and military aircraft and through seizures and disposition of boats, vessels, and weapons used in the commission of those crimes. The Council requested that Somalia pass a complete set of counter-piracy laws and declare and EEZ. It also urged states to investigate new allegations of IUU fishing and illegal dumping.  UN Security CouncilUN Document