Code of Conduct Concerning the Repression of Piracy, Armed Robbery Against Ships, and Illicit Maritime Activity in West and Central Africa

Naval Response

Ongoing activity
  • Article 3.1 of the Code provides that its Signatories intend that any measures taken pursuant to the Code of Conduct should be carried out by law enforcement or other authorized officials from warships or military aircraft.

Industry Response

Ongoing activity
  • Article 3.5 of the Code provides that its Signatories intend to ensure a balance is maintained between the need to enhance maritime security and the facilitation of maritime traffic and to avoid any unnecessary delays to international maritime trade in West and Central Africa.

Plight of Seafarers

Ongoing activity
  • Article 2.1(d) of the Code states that its Signatories will co-operate with a view towards facilitating proper care, treatment, and repatriation of seafarers, fishermen, other shipboard personnel and passengers subjected to transnational organized crime in the maritime domain, maritime terrorism, IUU fishing, and other illegal activities at sea, particularly those who have been subjected to violence.

Messaging and Advocacy

No activity implemented or planned

No activity planned or implemented.

Regional Capacity

Ongoing activity
  • Article 4 of the Code sets out the measures against maritime crime to be taken at the national level, including the implementation and development of: (1) national maritime security policies, (2) national maritime security committees or other systems for coordinating activities (3) national maritime security plans, and (4) prosecution in domestic courts.

Rule of Law

Ongoing activity
  • Article 2.1(c) of the code states that its Signatories will co-operate with a view towards ensuring that persons committing or attempting to commit in transnational organized crime in the maritime domain, maritime terrorism, IUU fishing and other illegal activities at sea are apprehended and prosecuted.

Coordination

Ongoing activity
  • The Code was authored by Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), and the Gulf of Guinea Commission (GGC).
  • It was adopted formally in Yaoundé in June 2013 by Heads of State or their representatives from 25 West and Central African countries, including 13 Presidents, as well as implementation of the MoU developed by IMO and the Maritime Organization for West and Central Africa (MOWCA) (link)
  • Article 2.3 of the Code states that its “Signatories intend to co-operate to the fullest possible extent in the repression of transnational organized crime in the maritime domain, maritime terrorism, IUU fishing and other illegal activities”
  • Article 17 provides the outline for the creation of the Inter-Regional Coordination Centre and the areas of cooperation for the signatories over a three year period.