European Commission (EC)

Naval Response

No activity implemented or planned

No activity planned or implemented.

Industry Response

No activity implemented or planned

No activity planned or implemented.

Plight of Seafarers

No activity implemented or planned

No activity planned or implemented.

Messaging and Advocacy

No activity implemented or planned

No activity planned or implemented.

Regional Capacity

Ongoing activity
  • The objectives of the 2014 EU Strategy on the Gulf of Guinea focus on building regional capacity, including (1) helping governments of the region build robust institutions, maritime administrations and multiagency capabilities to ensure maritime awareness, security and the rule of law along the coast (2) supporting prosperous economies in the region in line with national and regional development strategies, to create employment and assist vulnerable communities to build resilience and resist criminal or violent activities, and (3) strengthening cooperation between the countries of the region and the regional organisations to enable them to take the necessary actions to mitigate the threats at sea and on land.
  • The Critical Maritime Routes in the Gulf of Guinea Programme (CRIMGO), which began in January 2013, helps governments across West and Central Africa to improve safety of the main shipping routes by providing training for coastguards and establishing a network to share information between countries and agencies across the region.
  • The focus of CRIMGO is on the security and safety of essential maritime routes. Its objective is to increase maritime security and safety; thereby helping to secure shipping and trading lines of communication. In the long term, the programme aims to improve maritime governance. (link)
  • The EU Gulf of Guinea Action Plan 2015-2020 intends to build capacity of regional and national institutions but conducting needs assessments, providing external expertise, supporting regional and national coordination centers, helping to develop national maritime strategies and improve maritime intervention capabilities. In particular, the plan aims to improve information exchange through improving surveillance and traceability systems and reporing mechanisms to improve efficiency and capabilities.

Rule of Law

Ongoing activity
  • An objective of the 2014 EU Strategy on the Gulf of Guinea is to help regional governments put in place rule of law institutions that can (1) enable suspects to be investigated, tried and suitably punished according to law and with respect for human rights standards and (2) facilitate access to justice and human rights protection (also for victims of human trafficking); to promote judiciary and home affairs reform. Key dimensions are the independence and protection of judges and investigating magistrates, forensic capacity to provide evidence. in court and reduce the use of illegal interrogation methods
  • The EU Gulf of Guinea Action Plan aims to improve law enforcement and judicial cooperation through "assisting development of national legal frameworks" and eventual ratification of international instruments such as UNCLOS and SOLAS. The EU will support "an efficient justice chain--competent police and prosecution, independent and efficient judiciary, adequate detention facilities, in order to deal effectively with piracy and criminality". The goal is to also support the development of a standard legal framework across the region.

Coordination

Ongoing activity
  • The 2014 EU Strategy on the Gulf of Guinea lists as an objective the building of a common understanding of the scale of the threat in the Gulf of Guinea and the need to address it among the countries in the region and the international community
  • The EU’s approach is stated to be based on partnership with the countries of the Gulf of Guinea and close coordination with their regional organizations and other international organizations active in the region, including: Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), the Gulf of Guinea Commission (GGC) Maritime Organization for West and Central Africa (MOWCA), UN Offices for Central and for West Africa and on Drugs and Crime, (UNOCA, UNOWA and UNODC), and international organizations including the AU, UN agencies such as International Maritime Organization (IMO), as well as INTERPOL and the World Customs Organization (WCO).
  • The EU Gulf of Guinea Action Plan hopes to promote "bilateral dialogues with ECOWAS, ECCAS, GGC, the African Union, and National governements focused around the EU's strategic objectives on promoting the maintenance of peace and stability in general in the Gulf of Guinea region". The EU will identify key actors in regional and national organizations, hold political dualogues regularly to assess security, gaps, trends and needs,support and promote ideas that improve cooperation, and particuplate and contribute to high level coordination meetings and summits to support the Yaounde process.