United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

Naval Response

Ongoing activity
  • SC resolutions, under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, authorize member-states to ‘take such action by air, sea, or land forces as may be necessary to maintain or restore international peace and security’.
  • In Resolution 2039 (February 2012), the SC welcomed the contributions by Member States and international organizations in support of ongoing national and regional efforts to secure Gulf of Guinea coastal areas and conduct naval operations, including the joint patrols carried out by the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Republic of Benin off the coast of Benin.

Industry Response

No activity implemented or planned

No activity planned or implemented.

Plight of Seafarers

Ongoing activity
  • In Resolution 2039 (February 2012), the SC expressed its concern over the threat that piracy and armed robbery at sea pose to the safety of seafarers and other persons, including through their being taken as hostages, and deeply concerned by the violence employed by pirates and persons involved in piracy and armed robbery at sea in the Gulf of Guinea.

Messaging and Advocacy

No activity implemented or planned

No activity planned or implemented.

Regional Capacity

Ongoing activity
  • In October 2011, UNSC held a meeting discussing piracy in the Gulf of Guinea, wherein member states discussed capacity building strategies. That same month, the SC adopted Resolution 2018, encouraging the States of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) and the Gulf of Guinea Commission (GGC) to develop a comprehensive strategy as to the (1) development of domestic laws and regulations criminalizing piracy (2) development of a regional framework to counter piracy, and (3) development and strengthening of relevant domestic laws and regulations. The SC further encouraged the international community to assist, upon request, the States concerned in the region and other relevant organizations and agencies in strengthening their efforts to counter piracy and armed robbery at sea, in the Gulf of Guinea.
  • SC Resolution 2039 (February 2012) urges States of the region of the Gulf of Guinea to take prompt action at national and regional levels to develop and implement national maritime security strategies.
  • In August 2013, the President of UNSC made a statement stressing the need for international assistance as part of a comprehensive strategy to support national and regional efforts to assist the states undertaking steps to address piracy and armed robbery at sea and the illegal activities connected therewith.

Rule of Law

Ongoing activity
  • UNSC Resolution 2018 (October 2011) calls upon States of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) and the Gulf of Guinea Commission (GGC), in conjunction with flag States and States of nationality of victims or of perpetrators of acts of piracy or armed robbery at sea, to cooperate in the prosecution of alleged perpetrators, including facilitators and financiers of acts of piracy and armed robbery at sea committed off the coast of the Gulf of Guinea, in accordance with applicable international law.
  • SC Resolution 2039 (February 2012) urges states to develop a legal framework for the prevention, and repression of piracy and armed robbery at sea and as well as prosecution of persons engaging in those crimes.

Coordination

Ongoing activity
  • SC Resolution 2018 (October 2011) encourages States of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) and the Gulf of Guinea Commission (GGC), to develop and implement transnational and transregional maritime security coordination centres covering the whole region of the Gulf of Guinea, building on existing initiatives, such as those under the auspices of the International Maritime Organization (IMO)
  • SC Resolution 2039 (February 2012) stresses that coordination of efforts at the regional level is necessary for the development of a comprehensive strategy to counter the threat of piracy and armed robbery at sea in the Gulf of Guinea.