Cameroon's legal system is primarily based on the French civil law system, but is also dualist in that courts apply local customary law as well in some cases. Although the national legal system is predominantly influenced by French civil law, Western Cameroon has traditionally been influenced by English common law, which has created complexities due to three conflicting legal approaches being utilized throughout the country. Cameroon has implemented new legislation, including the 2005 Code of Criminal Procedure, in an effort to unify its legal systems. Cameroon addresses piracy in the Penal Code of 1967. Articles 10-11 of the Penal Code addresses universal jurisdiction and the definition of piracy.